What is Golfer's Elbow

What is Golfer's Elbow

What is Golfer’s Elbow

Golfer's elbow, medically known as "medial epicondylitis," is a type of tendinitis that affects the inner side of the elbow. Tendinitis is inflammation of a tendon, the strong fibrous connective tissue that attaches muscles to bones.  Golfer’s elbow when the the tendons that connect the forearm muscles to the bone on the inside of the elbow (medial epicondyle). Despite its name, this condition is not limited to golfers. Any repetitive activity that strains the forearm muscles, like lifting, throwing, or even typing, can potentially lead to golfer's elbow.

The usual cause of golfer's elbow is the overuse of the forearm's flexor muscles, leading to small tears in the tendons that attach these muscles to the medial epicondyle.  The flexor muscles are on the palm side of your forearm and they flex the wrist and fingers. 

Activities that involve repetitive wrist flexion, pronation or gripping can lead to golfer’s elbow.  Improper technique in sports or work activities and poorly fitting equipment, like a golf club or tennis racket that's too heavy or has an incorrect grip size, can also be the culprit.

Key symptoms include:

  • Pain and tenderness on the inside of the elbow, which may radiate down the forearm.
  • Stiffness in the elbow.
  • Weakness in the hands or wrists.
  • Numbness or tingling, often felt in the ring and little fingers.


Like with any musculoskeletal overuse problem, early intervention is best and can prevent the condition from worsening. Typical treatments include:

  • Rest and avoiding activities that exacerbate pain.
  • Ice application to reduce swelling.
  • Over-the-counter oral pain relievers, like ibuprofen.
  • Topical pain relief products like Physik …
  • Physical therapy exercises to strengthen and stretch the forearm muscles.
  • Wearing a brace or strap to alleviate strain.
  • In more severe cases, treatments like steroid injections or surgery may be considered.

To avoid golfer's elbow, make sure proper technique and posture during activities and use the right equipment suited to your physique and ability.  Also, include regular stretches and strengthening exercises for the forearm muscles in your routine.

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